单瓣豆仿香枝木红木家具涂饰工艺研究文献综述

 2022-07-24 09:07

单瓣豆仿香枝木红木家具涂饰工艺研究

摘 要

木材颜色是决定视觉印象的重要因素。随着天然优质木材日益减少,取而代之的是大量材色单一的人工速生低质木材。通过染色改良低质材色及仿制名贵木材,可以改变材色单调的现状,使木材纹理更为美观,是提高木材产品附加值、满足人们对木材色彩需求的重要途径。红木家具从古至今都一直备受备受人们青睐,它材质坚硬,木纹细密,具有自然美的纹理及庄重的材色。但是红木的产量已越来越少,并且物依稀为贵,其价格也是平民百姓所不能承受的。红木中的海南香枝木更是奇货可居。

为了更好的让更多喜爱红木材质的人享受红木的色泽及其味道。对红木其中的一种——海南香枝木进行仿制,即选用密度、纹孔和香枝木接近的单瓣豆进行仿制,主要仿制香枝木的色泽和味道。本论文依据GB/T18107-2000《红木》[1]等资料探究香枝木的特点,采用透明涂饰工艺,选用单瓣豆进行仿香枝木的试验,观察仿制效果,并进行漆膜性能测试,以检验其涂饰效果。

关键词:色泽 密度 含水率 颜料配比 香料

Study on the finishing process of single petal bean

(Monopetalanthus spp.)imitation Sweet branch wood (Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen )mahogany furniture

ABSTRACT

Wood color is an important factor in determining visual impression. With the decreasing of natural quality wood, a large number of artificial quick raw materials with single color are replaced. Through dyeing modified low qualitative material and generic rare wood color, can change the present situation of the color monotone, make the wood texture more beautiful, is to improve the wood product added value, meet people#39;s demand for timber color important way. Mahogany furniture has been popular since ancient times, it is hard, wood grain is fine, it has natural beauty texture and solemn material color. However, the production of mahogany is less and less, and the content is scarce, and the price is not acceptable to the ordinary people. The hainan xiangzhi(Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen)wood in the mahogany is more exotic.

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