小型收割机的设计文献综述

 2022-07-24 12:07


《小型收割机的设计》的文献综述

摘要

小型收割机突破了农村无法进入大型收割机收割的作业瓶颈,推进了收获作业的机械化,缩短了劳动周期,并让人们从繁重的体力劳动解放出来。近几年城市随着农用机具的政府补助,农村的机械化得到了很快的发展,多功能小型水稻收割机也得到了很大的发展[1]。收割机在国外应用的途径有多种,它们的大型收割机尤其发达,其非常适合在它们的平原地区开拓,而且它们国内经济发达,路面开拓,非常适合运输大型的收割机;而在国内,由于路面崎岖,地形多样,这时小型收割机的应用弥补了国内的缺陷。

由于国外的道路修的很通畅,它们比较流行大型收割机,但随着我国经济的逐渐发展,我们国内也会慢慢往大型收割机这方面靠近。目前国内与国外的机械设备还存在着较大的差距,国外的小型收割机品种繁多,不向国内的比较单一,这是目前我们国内最需要向国外学习的地方,需要结合国内特有的国情来创新,争取向国外看齐。

关键词:收割机;水稻收割机

ABSTRACT

The small harvester has broken through the bottleneck that the countryside can not enter the harvesting of large harvesters, and promoted the mechanization of harvesting operations, shortening the labor cycle and freeing people from heavy physical labor. In recent years, with the aid of agricultural machinery, the mechanization of rural areas has been developing rapidly, and the multifunctional small rice harvester has also made great progress in recent years[1]. There are many ways in the harvester used abroad, especially the large harvester they developed, it is very suitable for their development in the plain area, and their domestic economic development, road development, transportation is very suitable for large harvester; but in China, because the road rugged, diverse terrain, the application of small harvester remedy the defects.

Because of the patency of road repair abroad, they are relatively popular. But with the gradual development of our economy, we will gradually move closer to large harvesters in China. The mechanical equipment at home and abroad there is a big gap, many varieties of small harvester abroad, not to the single, which is currently the most we need to study abroad where need to combine the special situation of domestic innovation, strive for the line to the outside.

Keywords: harvester; rice harvester

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